Composting with worms
Published: Friday, March 22, 2013 at 3:00 a.m.
Last Modified: Wednesday, March 20, 2013 at 11:23 p.m.
Master gardener Heidi Stewart cautions that it's not for the squeamish.
RESOURCES FOR WORM COMPOSTING
Worm Bin Demonstration at Luther Burbank's Experiment Farm: The historic farm where the great horticulturist id much of his research holds an open house April 27 and 28. In addition to a plant sale and self-guided tours, there will be a worm bin and vermiculture experts on hand to help you employ worms to jump-start your compost. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Free. 7777 Bodega Ave., Sebastopol. 481-3488 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sonoma Valley Worm Farm: Produces commercial vermicompost, which it sells retail, along with worms and vermicompost systems. For information call 800-447-6996 or 996-8561. Sonomavalleyworms.com.
Redwormcomposting.com: Comprehensive website filled with what you need to know to do worm composting, including video. Also includes videos and plans for VermBins and mail order worm sales. Purchase and pick up at the farm or by mail order. 800-447-6996 or 707-996-8561 or email email@example.com.
“The Earth Moved,” An entertaining journey into the underground world of worms by acclaimed North Coast garden writer Amy Stewart. Published by Algonquin Books.
The Sonoma County Master Gardeners have a helpful brochure with a comprehensive how-to on worm composting. It's available in paper form or online. http://ucanr.edu/sites/scmg or by calling their help; desk at 565-2608 or 938-0127. Email mgsonoma.ucdavis.edu.
There is a certain revulsion that must be considered and overcome if you plan to set hundreds of writhing worms loose on your rotting garbage. But for many serious gardeners, it's well worth the rewards of producing some of the best compost they've ever worked with.
“This is very rich,” she says, fearlessly reaching into a plastic bin squirming with worms at work and pulls out a handful of dark soil. “All these microorganisms are going through the worm's systems. Their presence in the castings makes them much more accessible for the plants to take up in their roots. This matter is 11 times as rich as regular soil.”
Stewart, who lives in rural Sebastopol, has maybe half a dozen small, covered worm bins producing compost just a few steps from her raised beds. The production is small. But all it takes is a cup of worm-enriched compost placed in a planting hole to create a happy plant.
“There is no more valuable soil. The people that know about it can't get enough of it,” said Mark Ehrenreich, a Petaluma gardener who put in the community gardens for Petaluma Bounty, a non-profit that promotes a sustainable food system in Petaluma through community gardens, gleaning, food boxes and education.
He maintains that making cold compost with worms is actually easier than the more traditional method of composting with heat.
“Regular composting is really hard to do. You have to time it and take its temperature and turn it to make sure you have as good a product as you can,” he said. “Whereas, with the worm bin, it doesn't stink. You don't have to turn it. As long as you keep the worms alive, they're going to eat 25 percent of their weight every day.”
Your bin is not picky about what you feed into it — cereals, bread, fruits, vegetables, crushed eggshells, coffee grounds. You can also throw in chopped leaves, grass clippings, weeds, flower stalks and ground and crushed eggshells.
“It's really meant for getting rid of the stuff you put down the disposal or in the trash,” said Ehrenreich. You're turning your waste into something useful.”
Jack Chambers, owner of the Sonoma Valley Worm Farm, sings the praises of what he calls, “the noble worm.”
In addition to breaking down organic matter, the worm's digestive process incubates and excretes microbes, which multiply. These microorganisms can make nitrogen more available to the roots of plants and inoculate the soil, making plants within it more disease- and pest-resistant.
Writhing just under the surface, the worms ingest soil and organic matter and leave tunnels that bring oxygen to plant roots and improve drainage, while breaking up heavy dirt clods and loosening the soil, according to the Sonoma County Master Gardeners.
Vermicomposters use the same red worms favored by many fishermen, a worm called Eisenia foetida.
Chambers primarily sells finished vermicompost. If you're squeamish about worms, you can buy it ready-made for $25 for a ¾ cubic foot bag, enough for 84 vegetable starts and some for your rose bushes. Chambers also has what you need to start your own home operation. Worms run $52.50 for two pounds. You can pick them up at the farm just outside Sonoma or have them delivered to your home via UPS.
He sells professional quality aerated worm boxes for bigger operations. But all the home gardener needs is a 20-gallon, opaque, covered bin, the type commonly sold at places like Target. Don't use clear plastic. Worms thrive in the dark underground. The best bin will have at least 2 square feet of surface and will be about a foot deep. If it's too deep, the matter on the bottom will be deprived of oxygen.
Poke holes in the container to keep it ventilated. Without that, the worms will die.
Add bedding both under and over the worms. Newspaper, office paper and cardboard shredded into ¼-inch to 1-inch wide strips make good bedding. Immerse them in water, drain well and then place them in the bin. The master gardeners also suggest adding browned leaves or decomposing wood chips.
Keep the bin in a shaded area. Stewart keeps hers under an old Santa Rosa plum tree.
“Don't overfeed them. They do best if you break up your kitchen scraps into smaller, more digestible pieces,” Chambers said. “You don't have to turn it and there's no heat. The worms do the turning for you. You can harvest the material three to four months later.”
You can reach Staff Writer Meg McConahey at pressdemocrat.com or 521-5204.
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